US Beef Exports to S. Korea surge in Jan-Feb 2010- BSE Hysteria Fades

My following post is based on an article in www.meatingplace.com by Tom Johnstone

The US increased beef exports to S. Korea by 57% to reach 13802 T in Jan-Feb. The Korean Meat Import Assoc said " misconceptions about US beef safety are subsiding"

Australia currently exports 10,000T /month to S.Korea and so the US is rapidly regaining their historical market share {pre BSE } at Australia's expense.

Fortunately beef consumers in our export destinations have become rational enough to reject BSE hysteria like that recently whipped up in Australia by the Witch Hunters from the Australian Beef Assoc.
I recall from before my expulsion from the ABA that Director Mr. John Carter was quite elated when left wing unionists were trashing Seoul in a futile attempt to stop resumption of US beef imports during 2008 and under OIE protocols. No doubt he will be bitterly disappointed that science based rationality has prevailed over left wing thugery in S. Korea

As the rest of the world progressively rejects BSE hysteria , Australia's position will increasingly be seen to be based on trade protectionism rather than rational scientific application of OIE protocols

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Replies to This Discussion

Alan,

Since you are in to reality and true science rather than scare mongering, I thought you might appreicate this site from the UK that talks about the real risk of eating beef.
It turns out that there is a greater chance of death from a coconut falling on your head at a beach resort, than from new varient CJD.

I don't agree with their assumption that New Varient CJD is directly related to eating beef; However, even if it was true the risk is on par with getting struck by lightening, and that is in the UK where an estimated 180,000 infected animals entered the food supply.

http://www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier/booth/Risk/Madcow.html
G'day Mr. Bellinger from Tenterfield where I am visiting in laws for Easter. Happily all the country on the 450 klm trip is looking magnificent except for a small patch 70 klm west of Tenterfield.
The last time I was down this way was to attend the Armidale Witch Hunt. The ignorance and hysteria that the Salem Witch Hunts generated retarded those communities for generations. I will continue my fight to ensure that the "anti" science unleashed at Armidale will not continue to retard the Australian beef producing and eating communirty.

You very foolishly accuse me of "selective reporting". In response, I would firstly like to point out that before I was "expelled" from the ABA I spent untold hours correcting ABA Press Releases and Letters to the Editor that routinely used "selective reporting" to embellish some of the ABA's more radical views.

Back to your current accusation. Firstly let me put your comments in some real perspective. The US Meat Export Federation {USMEF} with the assistance of the USDA has just completed a very successful multi $M Trust Beef Imaging Campaign in Korea. A press RElease dated 31/3/2010 states
" nearly 58% of Koreans surveyed said they had purchased US beef between Dec 2009 and Feb 2010. Import data from Korea indicates that it's beef imports from all suppliers were up 13% from all suppliers in Jan-Feb 2010 compared to 2009, but that US imports were up 50% to 13027MT thus helping the US market share climb from 25% to 33%. At the same time Australia's share increased just 3% to 19715MT."

So Mr. Bellinger, the only way I can interprete those figures "non-selectively" is that beef imports have gone up 13% but the majority of this very welcome increase has gone to US suppliers.
Can anyone out their see how I have been selective in my comeents on the changing Korean beef import realities?

RE the Japan situation. Firstly the last time I checked Japan had confirmed 19 cases of "indigenous" BSE. THe US has never recorded an "indigenous" case of typical BSE. The only cases recorded were a typical case in an imported Canadian cow and two "atypical"BSE cases in 10 year old cows. Japan's policy only to accept US beef derived from carcasses less than 20 months is understandably an ongoing irritation to the US, particularly given that Korea accepts beef from 30 month old carcasses in line with OIE protocols. The US continue to lobby Japan to comply with OIE rulings and will in the medium term prevail { in my view} and rightfully so.

Regaining of market share by the US in Japan is also gaining momentum . The pre BSE 2002-2003 average imports were 441,719 MT. US imports in 2009 were 91467 MT or 21% of pre BSE levels.
Your comment that US imports in Feb 2010 were now up to 23% of of pre BSE levels would be gladly endorsed by the USMEF I am sure.

I believe that the US is regaining market share in 35 countries world wide on the back of sound science that clearly indicates that the risk to human and bovine populations from BSE is well and truly over. I congratulate the veterinary and public health scientists responsible for this remarkable achievement. That is why I am so implacably opposed to the "Witch Hunters" that assembled at Armidale . THere is nothing "selective" about that comment.
Hey there Lee old Buddy !


I thought I should let you know, I have been not only helping Australians like yourself with the truth about atypical BSE and atypical scrapie, and the real threat there from to human and animal health, but I have also helped out in Japan, Korean, and Taiwan. I thought you might be interested to see all this. please note, for those that my blogs seem to irratate, please be advised I have never advertised, it's all free, we need the truth, and i do the blogs to post the lengthy stuff, with source, for the ones that want the sound science, all of it. ...tss


Saturday, April 3, 2010

U.S. beef trade talks to continue but curbs to remain: Akamatsu Kyodo News

Japan intends to continue talks with the United States on the beef trade, even though restrictions on U.S. beef imports were likely to stay in place, farm minister Hirotaka Akamatsu said Friday...

http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nb20100403a2.html


Greetings Japan,

Japan should stand fast on ban from Countries with any phenotype or strain of BSE. There is new science that the OIE and the USDA is ignoring ;

To date the OIE/WAHO assumes that the human and animal health standards set out in the BSE chapter for classical BSE (C-Type) applies to all forms of BSE which include the H-type and L-type atypical forms. This assumption is scientifically not completely justified and accumulating evidence suggests that this may in fact not be the case. Molecular characterization and the spatial distribution pattern of histopathologic lesions and immunohistochemistry (IHC) signals are used to identify and characterize atypical BSE. Both the L-type and H-type atypical cases display significant differences in the conformation and spatial accumulation of the disease associated prion protein (PrPSc) in brains of afflicted cattle. Transmission studies in bovine transgenic and wild type mouse models support that the atypical BSE types might be unique strains because they have different incubation times and lesion profiles when compared to C-type BSE. When L-type BSE was inoculated into ovine transgenic mice and Syrian hamster the resulting molecular fingerprint had changed, either in the first or a subsequent passage, from L-type into C-type BSE. In addition, non-human primates are specifically susceptible for atypical BSE as demonstrated by an approximately 50% shortened incubation time for L-type BSE as compared to C-type. Considering the current scientific information available, it cannot be assumed that these different BSE types pose the same human health risks as C-type BSE or that these risks are mitigated by the same protective measures.

http://www.prionetcanada.ca/detail.aspx?menu=5&dt=293380&ap...

please see full text ;

Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Atypical BSE in Cattle

http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/03/atypical-bse-in-cattle-position-post.html

Friday, April 02, 2010

Mad cow march on parliament Australia, JUST SAY NO TO USDA AND OIE

http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/04/mad-cow-march-on-parliament-australia.html


snip...

Thank you for writing to The Japan Times Online.

Return to The Japan Times Online

https://form.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/letters.cgi



you can see full text here, i want to keep this short ;



Apr 2, 2010

U.S. beef trade talks to continue but curbs to remain: Japan

http://www.jref.com/forum/showthread.php?p=657925#post657925




Name: Terry S. Singeltary Sr. Date: Jan 26, 2007

Dear Terry S. Singeltary Sr.

My name in Seoungwon Lee and I work for National Assemblywoman (MP) Sang-Jeong Sim, in South Korea. Below is a message from Mr. Kwon. Please get back to us regarding the letter.

Thank you.

Seoungwon Lee Legislative Assistant National Assembly Republic of Korea

Dear Terry S. Singeltary Sr.

Greetings from Korea.

I have learned about what you and your family have been through a internet. Being the father of a small family, I can only imagine the sense of loss that you and your family still must feel regarding your mother.

Through the internet, many people here in Korea have learnt about the story of your family and it has created a great deal of concern. Your experience had particular relevance for the citizens here, for the Korean government, in connection to the free trade agreement it is negotiating with the United States, is about to restart the sale of the unsafe American beef to the general public.

The Korean government has already imported the first load American beef and is currently going through the inspection period. There has been a great deal of controversy regarding the safety of these products, and a precipitous increase in public interest regarding the causes and symptoms of vCJD.

It is in this context that we are preparing a session together with National Assembly members and relevant NGOs to hear from those who have had direct experience with the human variant of BSE. We are very interested in hearing about the symptoms that your mother showed, your views on the response from the US government to the many deaths that resulted from this disease, the reaction from the general public, and any other area that you would wish to speak about. There would also be experts and academics in the area to speak at the session as well. We believe that it would greatly contribute to raising awareness about the issue, as well as help politicians and civic activists to consider the repercussions of the beef import issue.

We would like to request your help in this regard. We are planning for the session to be held in Seoul on the 23rd of this November. We would very much like to have you present in order to help prevent such tragic incidents from happening in Korea. We would, of course, pay for the trip and accommodations for the duration of your stay. If you were to participate, we could also meet with members from the agricultural committee of the National Assembly and from other related organizations to urge more interest to the issue.

Please do not hesitate to offer suggestions or ask us any questions that you might have. We look forward to a positive response and to meeting you in Seoul.

Thank you.

Sincerely, Sim Sang-Jeong

Head of the Democratic Labor Party Parliamentary Committee on the Korea-US FTA Member of the National Assembly Republic of Korea

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/3940

http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2008/05/concerned-americans-against...




Saturday, August 22, 2009

FREE Kim Min-sun, she is correct about mad cow fears from USDA BEEF

http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2009/08/free-kim-min-sun-she-is-cor...


http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/01/14th-international-congress-on.html



UPDATE KIM MIN-SUN


02-09-2010 19:38

Anti-US Beef Actress Prevails in Court

By Park Si-soo Staff Reporter

Actress Kim Min-sun won a legal battle Tuesday, started by an American beef importer for an article she wrote two years ago on her private blog that allegedly exaggerated the risk of mad cow disease associated with U.S. beef.

pss@koreatimes.co.kr

flounder Del (71.248.137.150) 02-10-2010 07:39

To Honorable Ms. Kim Min-Sun and Korea,

The Truth will set us free.

Thank You Ma'am ! You are very courageous ! Your Country-man and Country-Woman should be proud. ...TSS


http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2010/02/113_60573.html


see full text ;

Wednesday, February 10, 2010

The Honorable Ms. Kim Min-sun Anti-US Beef Actress Prevails in Court


http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2010/02/honorable-ms-kim-min-sun-an...


past history ;

U.S. slams door on revising S. Korea beef import pact

June 11, 2008, 10:14PM


http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2008/06/us-slams-door-on-revising-s...


Wednesday, June 11, 2008

OIE Recognition of the BSE Status of Members RESOLUTION No. XXI (Adopted by the International Committee of the OIE on 27 May 2008)


http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2008/06/oie-recognition-of-bse-stat...


Saturday, June 7, 2008

Export Requirements for the Republic of Korea IMPORT HEALTH REQUIREMENTS FOR U.S. BEEF AND BEEF PRODUCTS


http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2008/06/export-requirements-for-rep...


Why Americans, As Well as Koreans, Should Be Worried About Mad Cow Tainted USA Beef

By Terry S. Singeltary Sr. May 15, 2008

Straight to the Source

Web Note: This is an important commentary by Terry S. Singeltary Sr., on a recent Business Week story on the controversy in South Korea over their government's lifting on the ban on conventional (non-organic) beef, despite the fact that the USDA is still allowing slaughterhouse waste and blood and manure to be fed to cows, and refusing to test all cows at slaughter. See the Mad Cow section of the OCA website for in-depth information. Terry is a regular blogger on the OCA website on Mad Cow issues.

Ronnie Cummins

One Korean official says the probability of a human being catching a mad cow disease by eating U.S. beef is like the one of a golf player scoring a hole-in-one and then being killed by lightning.

this is typical BSe. you here industry groups comment 'your more likely to get hit by a car than die from CJD'. well, maybe so, but my mother and many more did not die from getting hit by a car, they died from CJD, my mothers being the hvCJD (confirmed), and my neighbors mother died from CJD (confirmed). the UKBSEnvCJD _only_ theory is incorrect. there are more strains of mad cow than the UK BSE in beef to nvCJD in humans in the UK. The deception by the USDA, FDA, and the Bush administration about mad cow disease, CJD, and all Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy over the past 8 years have been outrageous, to a point of being criminal. I am vested in nothing, but the truth.

snip...see full text ;


http://www.grassrootsnetroots.org/articles/article_12387.cfm


Tuesday, May 13, 2008

Concerned Americans against Mad Cow Disease STATEMENT OF SOLIDARITY with Koreans May 13, 2008


http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2008/05/concerned-americans-against...



Tuesday, January 5, 2010


JOINT STATEMENT FROM USTR, USDA ON TAIWAN'S ACTIONS TO UNJUSTIFIABLY RESTRICT U.S. BEEF IMPORTS IN VIOLATION OF OUR BILATERAL AGREEMENT Release No. 0002.10 Contact: USTR, Nefeterius McPherson (202) 395-3230 USDA, Caleb Weaver (202) 720-4623



http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2010/01/joint-statement-from-ustr-u...



http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2009/12/taiwan-to-resume-usa-beef-b...



http://usdavskorea.blogspot.com/2009/11/taiwan-usda-and-usa-beef-wh...


Friday, January 29, 2010

14th International Congress on Infectious Diseases H-type and L-type Atypical BSE January 2010 (special pre-congress edition)


http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/01/14th-international-congress-on.html




Terry S. Singeltary Sr. P.O. Box 42 Bacliff, Texas USA 77518
Hello Matt'
Been busy but after a quick look I see the old "boogeys " keep going around and around. Re below out of your comment.

Since you are in to reality and true science rather than scare mongering,

Just who is doing the scare mongering here when you talk about the US all of a sudden not buying 400000T of our meat. IT WON"T happen. Why-Brasil ,USA multinationals own our meat ,not Australia. Get into the real world of business(they buy our 400000T because they make good profits out of it and need it top blend to make their burgers.)

All the posturing and lecturing from a science and Vet perspective- I couldn't give a flying Fig about. We have never had Bse -end of story.We have bought a farcical perception only traceback system and keep harping on about our "clean green".Surely you lot with your uni degrees can see that that this is a multi national processor lobby to remove our only point of difference to any meat from anywhere.

What is happen
ing here Nationally will just happen on a global scale.
EG
Due to the shortage and wet here in Qld - feeder cattle for the supermarkets are being landed here for $1.90 per kgfrom W A. How long are the breeders over there expected to breed them for the $1.30-1.40 or whatever scrap price they are being given.

They don't hesitate to pay $150 per head freight rather than pay me $1.90 delivered. This is the way to keep their foot on producers throats and never letting a realistic price for effort of $2.00 or more. This model would work beautifully globally when th e borders are all gone. ie beef from Brazil to Korea and Japan

Of course all you wise forecasters and the Cattle Council will realise with a rude jolt that they don't need Aust meat at all if there is not any discerning differences on standards. It will be -supply at say $1.40 per kg Lw or we will get it elsewhere!

Good on you Vida- I don't need to know anything about you personally- you make sense as a consumer if nothing else. Their is far too much personal ego and self righteousness on this topic and not enough lateral thinking(in my opinion)
Good post, Rob and never a truer word said.
I believe USA's multi national processors only need the persona that Australia imports beef from them to stick it to Japan re: Japans beef ban on USA beef over 20 months. What a thorn in its side Japan has been over the last few years. With Australia importing the 'neglible' risk of BSE in the beef from the USA the US kills 2 birds with the 1 stone - taints Australias BSE free record while gaining more ammunition to quash Japans import ban on beef over 20 months. If USDA were smart/honorable they'd do as Japan asks and test every beast, over 20 months, slaughtered for export to Japan. It is not as though they have no export processors willing to BSE test every slaughter - at processors expense - to meet Japan's request. Why wont USDA comply with their biggest exporters terms?
With our beef reps - MLA and the like - pushing for beef imports from countries affected by BSE I can't help feeling that a slice of Russian export pie also plays its part in the overall scheme of things.
G'day Rob, I am worried that the conspiracy theorists seem to well and truly have you in their grips. I got $1.95/Kg and $1.85/Kg delivered last week for black cattle. Give me a ring and I'll tell you where you can get it.

I'll also promise not to lecture you or posture as a scientist or vet. I'll just offer sound cattle marketing advice on a cattleman to cattleman basis . If you think my marketing advice is too "self righteous" perhaps you could ask Vida Thompson or Terry Singelterry Snr. They seem to be full of some fairly way out "lateral thinking". Cheers from Lee Mc Nicholl
G'day Lee, unfortunately it seems you thrive on conspiracy theories. The truth is that 35 countries accept US beef under the OIE protocols, that is from carcasses under 30 months. THis includes Korea and New Zealand. To argue that the US needs to leverage Japan off Australia accepting OIE standards {and therefore US beef }is very deluded thinking in my view.

I mistakenly said in my last post that Japan had recorded 19 BSE cases. I was away from home and my OIE records. The correct number is 36 with the last case recorded in 2009. Japan is hardly in a position to continue to flout OIE protocols given that the US has never had a case of indigenous typical BSE
Hello Lee-Your reply is fine but what about what I put up ? Is the theory (conspiracy ) wrong? If so -Where exactly? Nobody has me in a grip and I like it that way. It is like playing "touch " football, a lot of witch hunt Hyperbole but won't look at the nuts and bolts of our industry.

I expect $2 per kilo when I ph JBS Swifts next week. Yes feeder cattle are scarce and we can enjoy close to a reasonable price for a few months I haven't been in this business for thirty years to not know what and where is making the best money.

You seem to be suggesting that we are priveleged to be getting these rates. I have been maintaining that anyone more than a hobby farmer has got to be receiving $2+ in the year of 2010 or they are better off not even starting.I mean this for the top quality young animals of course-not rubbish.

Two thirds of our place is on the opposite (west) side of the creek and this year we have only had about a week when we could drive over. Got over again yesterday for the first time in ages . Haven't sold an animal this year in spite of having lambs to deliver- the Xmas New Year week! There hasn't been a truck to Bollon yet but mine will be trying to get to Dubbo very soon!
G'day Rob, glad to know to have not completely lost your considerable talent for making a dollar. If you had I would have believed that the conspiracy theorists had completely scrambled your brain!!

I do agree that we should be getting $2+ and I think this will happen. If the Aus$ was at it's historical level {around 80c} we would be getting it now. I'd stop worrying about the beef industry multi nationals and start worrying about the effect our ever expanding mining industry will have on the $Aus value into the future, if I were you.

Unfortunately I think we are faced with an historically high Aussie $ being the norm and this will have a very serious effect on Aussie agriculture in general and the beef industry in particular. We may even need real tariffs if the $ gets too high. That would be much more transparent than non tariff trade barriers in the guise of dubious quarantine policies.
Cheers to all from the "Swagman Economist" - another of my alter egos
G'day Alan, I don't think you need to apoligize for the wisdom you have obviously accumulated over a lifetime dealing with the politics of the sector to which you gave yoeman's service.

Unfortunately getting a unanimous view amongst Aussie cattlemen can be as difficult as mustering cats.
However it is theoretically possible if you have seen the humourous You Tube clip on the subject recently posted on Agmates.
I totally believe that the collective interests of beef producers around the world are best served by supporting science based quarantine protocols that have reduced BSE to the edge of extinction and has consequently revived consumer's faith in beef's safety.
THe recent ill informed debate in Australia re BSE does nothing to enhance the global beef trade and is therfore to Australia's longterm disadvantage.
Lee old buddy, these are no conspiracy theories, all this is FACT ! I don't make this stuff up. IF you cannot understand these facts, that is your problem, but you are doing your Country a disservice, and in doing so, putting your Country in great risk.

My point Lee, most every country that went by the O.I.E. guidelines all went down with BSE, so you see, they OIE guidelines were meant for trade, and the BSE MRR legalized the free trade of all strains of TSE. even made weaker by omitting atypical scrapie. AND Lee McNicholl WANTS TO BRING ALL THIS TO AUSTRALIA, and in doing so, risk exposing Australians needlessly to the TSE agent, all for money.

Lee McNicholl you state that ;


> US has never had a case of indigenous typical BSE


HOW would the USA know, when their BSE testing protocols were proven to be flawed from day one, and even worse, it was fraught with fraud, right down to the infamous 1st and original Harvard BSE risk assessment, and all this documented by the OIG and the GAO, time and time again. but yet you still want to export all this into Australia ??? Heck, here in Texas, when we get a stumbling and staggering suspect mad cow, they go straight to the render, or sit up on the shelf for 7+ months all the while the BSE MRR policy was being made legal. pretty handy huh. also, even though some .005 grams of tainted TSE material could kill many cattle, here in Texas, the FDA states ;



FDA et al thinks as much as 5.5 grams of SRM is just fine for a heifer weighing about 600 lbs ;


''FDA has determined that each animal could have consumed, at most and in total, five-and-one-half grams - approximately a quarter ounce -- of prohibited material. These animals weigh approximately 600 pounds.''



http://www.fda.gov/ICECI/EnforcementActions/EnforcementStory/Enforc...



PRION 2009 CONGRESS BOOK OF ABSTRACTS

O.4.3

Spread of BSE prions in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) after oral transmission

Edgar Holznagel1, Walter Schulz-Schaeffer2, Barbara Yutzy1, Gerhard Hunsmann3, Johannes Loewer1 1Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, Federal Institute for Sera and Vaccines, Germany; 2Department of Neuropathology, Georg-August University, Göttingen, Germany, 3Department of Virology and Immunology, German Primate Centre, Göttingen, Germany

Background: BSE-infected cynomolgus monkeys represent a relevant animal model to study the pathogenesis of variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (vCJD).

Objectives: To study the spread of BSE prions during the asymptomatic phase of infection in a simian animal model.

Methods: Orally BSE-dosed macaques (n=10) were sacrificed at defined time points during the incubation period and 7 orally BSE-dosed macaques were sacrificed after the onset of clinical signs. Neuronal and non-neuronal tissues were tested for the presence of proteinase-K-resistant prion protein (PrPres) by western immunoblot and by paraffin-embedded tissue (PET) blot technique.

Results: In clinically diseased macaques (5 years p.i. + 6 mo.), PrPres deposits were widely spread in neuronal tissues (including the peripheral sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system) and in lymphoid tissues including tonsils. In asymptomatic disease carriers, PrPres deposits could be detected in intestinal lymph nodes as early as 1 year p.i., but CNS tissues were negative until 3 – 4 years p.i. Lumbal/sacral segments of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata were PrPres positive as early as 4.1 years p.i., whereas sympathetic trunk and all thoracic/cervical segments of the spinal cord were still negative for PrPres. However, tonsil samples were negative in all asymptomatic cases.

Discussion: There is evidence for an early spread of BSE to the CNS via autonomic fibres of the splanchnic and vagus nerves indicating that trans-synaptical spread may be a time-limiting factor for neuroinvasion. Tonsils were predominantly negative during the main part of the incubation period indicating that epidemiological vCJD screening results based on the detection of PrPres in tonsil biopsies may mostly tend to underestimate the prevalence of vCJD among humans.



http://www.prion2009.com/sites/default/files/Prion2009_Book_of_Abst...



Simian vCJD can be easily triggered in cynomolgus monkeys on the oral route using less than 5 g BSE brain homogenate.

http://www.prion2007.com/pdf/Prion%20Book%20of%20Abstracts.pdf



WE know now, and we knew decades ago, that 5.5 grams of suspect feed in TEXAS was enough to kill 100 cows.

look at the table and you'll see that as little as 1 mg (or 0.001 gm) caused 7% (1 of 14) of the cows to come down with BSE;

Risk of oral infection with bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent in primates

Corinne Ida Lasmézas, Emmanuel Comoy, Stephen Hawkins, Christian Herzog, Franck Mouthon, Timm Konold, Frédéric Auvré, Evelyne Correia, Nathalie Lescoutra-Etchegaray, Nicole Salès, Gerald Wells, Paul Brown, Jean-Philippe Deslys Summary The uncertain extent of human exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)--which can lead to variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD)--is compounded by incomplete knowledge about the efficiency of oral infection and the magnitude of any bovine-to-human biological barrier to transmission. We therefore investigated oral transmission of BSE to non-human primates. We gave two macaques a 5 g oral dose of brain homogenate from a BSE-infected cow. One macaque developed vCJD-like neurological disease 60 months after exposure, whereas the other remained free of disease at 76 months. On the basis of these findings and data from other studies, we made a preliminary estimate of the food exposure risk for man, which provides additional assurance that existing public health measures can prevent transmission of BSE to man.

snip...

BSE bovine brain inoculum

100 g 10 g 5 g 1 g 100 mg 10 mg 1 mg 0·1 mg 0·01 mg

Primate (oral route)* 1/2 (50%)

Cattle (oral route)* 10/10 (100%) 7/9 (78%) 7/10 (70%) 3/15 (20%) 1/15 (7%) 1/15 (7%)

RIII mice (ic ip route)* 17/18 (94%) 15/17 (88%) 1/14 (7%)

PrPres biochemical detection

The comparison is made on the basis of calibration of the bovine inoculum used in our study with primates against a bovine brain inoculum with a similar PrPres concentration that was inoculated into mice and cattle.8 *Data are number of animals positive/number of animals surviving at the time of clinical onset of disease in the first positive animal (%). The accuracy of bioassays is generally judged to be about plus or minus 1 log. ic ip=intracerebral and intraperitoneal.

Table 1: Comparison of transmission rates in primates and cattle infected orally with similar BSE brain inocula

Published online January 27, 2005


http://www.thelancet.com/journal/journal.isa



It is clear that the designing scientists must also have shared Mr Bradley’s surprise at the results because all the dose levels right down to 1 gram triggered infection.

www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s145d.pdf" target="_blank">http://web.archive.org/web/20040523230128/www.bseinquiry.gov.uk/files/ws/s145d.pdf


it is clear that the designing scientists must have also shared Mr Bradleyâs surprise at the results because all the dose levels right down to 1 gram triggered infection.


http://web.archive.org/web/20030526212610/http://www.bseinquiry.gov...




OIE AND USDA OUT OF TOUCH WITH RISK FACTORS OF ATYPICAL TSE, AND PUT ALL COUNTRIES AT RISK WITH THIS JUNK SCIENCE


To date the OIE/WAHO assumes that the human and animal health standards set out in the BSE chapter for classical BSE (C-Type) applies to all forms of BSE which include the H-type and L-type atypical forms. This assumption is scientifically not completely justified and accumulating evidence suggests that this may in fact not be the case. Molecular characterization and the spatial distribution pattern of histopathologic lesions and immunohistochemistry (IHC) signals are used to identify and characterize atypical BSE. Both the L-type and H-type atypical cases display significant differences in the conformation and spatial accumulation of the disease associated prion protein (PrPSc) in brains of afflicted cattle. Transmission studies in bovine transgenic and wild type mouse models support that the atypical BSE types might be unique strains because they have different incubation times and lesion profiles when compared to C-type BSE. When L-type BSE was inoculated into ovine transgenic mice and Syrian hamster the resulting molecular fingerprint had changed, either in the first or a subsequent passage, from L-type into C-type BSE. In addition, non-human primates are specifically susceptible for atypical BSE as demonstrated by an approximately 50% shortened incubation time for L-type BSE as compared to C-type. Considering the current scientific information available, it cannot be assumed that these different BSE types pose the same human health risks as C-type BSE or that these risks are mitigated by the same protective measures.


http://www.prionetcanada.ca/detail.aspx?menu=5&dt=293380&ap...



“The U.S. has lower sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards (SPS) for imports than many other countries, especially those concerning bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). These low standards have made the U.S. a dumping ground for beef from the countries that have experienced BSE problems. Food Safety and SPS issues continue to be problematic for our industry, as some countries comply with OIE standards, while others ignore them either for cultural reasons, or too often use them as trade barriers. The USITC October 7, 2008 release reported, ‘U.S. beef processors and beef cattle ranchers lose billions of dollars in export opportunities each year because of animal health and food safety measures in other countries that are inconsistent with international standards and vary by country.

http://www.cattlenetwork.com/USCA-Testifies--Before-USITC/2010-03-0...



Lee McNicholl Sir, was this a case of indigenous typical BSE or one of the atypical BSE, which we are learning now that are more virulent than typical BSE ?



FDA STATEMENT FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 4, 2004
Media Inquiries: 301-827-6242 Consumer Inquiries: 888-INFO-FDA

Statement on Texas Cow With Central Nervous System Symptoms


On Friday, April 30th, the Food and Drug Administration learned that a cow with central nervous system symptoms had been killed and shipped to a processor for rendering into animal protein for use in animal feed.

FDA, which is responsible for the safety of animal feed, immediately began an investigation. On Friday and throughout the weekend, FDA investigators inspected the slaughterhouse, the rendering facility, the farm where the animal came from, and the processor that initially received the cow from the slaughterhouse.

FDA's investigation showed that the animal in question had already been rendered into "meat and bone meal" (a type of protein animal feed). Over the weekend FDA was able to track down all the implicated material. That material is being held by the firm, which is cooperating fully with FDA.

Cattle with central nervous system symptoms are of particular interest because cattle with bovine spongiform encephalopathy or BSE, also known as "mad cow disease," can exhibit such symptoms. In this case, there is no way now to test for BSE. But even if the cow had BSE, FDA's animal feed rule would prohibit the feeding of its rendered protein to other ruminant animals (e.g., cows, goats, sheep, bison).

FDA is sending a letter to the firm summarizing its findings and informing the firm that FDA will not object to use of this material in swine feed only. If it is not used in swine feed, this material will be destroyed. Pigs have been shown not to be susceptible to BSE. If the firm agrees to use the material for swine feed only, FDA will track the material all the way through the supply chain from the processor to the farm to ensure that the feed is properly monitored and used only as feed for pigs.

To protect the U.S. against BSE, FDA works to keep certain mammalian protein out of animal feed for cattle and other ruminant animals. FDA established its animal feed rule in 1997 after the BSE epidemic in the U.K. showed that the disease spreads by feeding infected ruminant protein to cattle.

Under the current regulation, the material from this Texas cow is not allowed in feed for cattle or other ruminant animals. FDA's action specifying that the material go only into swine feed means also that it will not be fed to poultry.

FDA is committed to protecting the U.S. from BSE and collaborates closely with the U.S. Department of Agriculture on all BSE issues. The animal feed rule provides crucial protection against the spread of BSE, but it is only one of several such firewalls. FDA will soon be improving the animal feed rule, to make this strong system even stronger.

#

http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/2004/ucm1...



USDA: In 9,200 cases only one type of test could be used

WASHINGTON (AP)--The U.S. Department of Agriculture acknowledged Aug. 17 that its testing options for bovine spongiform encephalopathy were limited in 9,200 cases despite its effort to expand surveillance throughout the U.S. herd.

In those cases, only one type of test was used--one that failed to detect the disease in an infected Texas cow.

The department posted the information on its website because of an inquiry from The Associated Press.

Conducted over the past 14 months, the tests have not been included in the department's running tally of BSE tests since last summer. That total reached 439,126 on Aug. 17.

"There's no secret program," the department's chief veterinarian, John Clifford, said in an interview. "There has been no hiding, I can assure you of that."

Officials intended to report the tests later in an annual report, Clifford said.

These 9,200 cases were different because brain tissue samples were preserved with formalin, which makes them suitable for only one type of test--immunohistochemistry, or IHC.

In the Texas case, officials had declared the cow free of disease in November after an IHC test came back negative. The department's inspector general ordered an additional kind of test, which confirmed the animal was infected.

Veterinarians in remote locations have used the preservative on tissue to keep it from degrading on its way to the department's laboratory in Ames, Iowa. Officials this year asked veterinarians to stop using preservative and send fresh or chilled samples within 48 hours.

The department recently investigated a possible case of BSE that turned up in a preserved sample. Further testing ruled out the disease two weeks ago.

Scientists used two additional tests--rapid screening and Western blot--to help detect BSE in the country's second confirmed case, in a Texas cow in June. They used IHC and Western blot to confirm the first case, in a Washington state cow in December 2003.

"The IHC test is still an excellent test," Clifford said. "These are not simple tests, either."

Clifford pointed out that scientists reran the IHC several times and got conflicting results. That happened, too, with the Western blot test. Both tests are accepted by international animal health officials.

Date: 8/25/05


http://www.hpj.com/archives/2005/aug05/aug29/BSEtestoptionswerelimi...



""These 9,200 cases were different because brain tissue samples were preserved with formalin, which makes them suitable for only one type of test--immunohistochemistry, or IHC."


THIS WAS DONE FOR A REASON!


THE IHC test has been proven to be the LEAST LIKELY to detect BSE/TSE in the bovine, and these were probably from the most high risk cattle pool, the ones the USDA et al, SHOULD have been testing. ...TSS

USDA 2003

We have to be careful that we don't get so set in the way we do things that we forget to look for different emerging variations of disease. We've gotten away from collecting the whole brain in our systems. We're using the brain stem and we're looking in only one area. In Norway, they were doing a project and looking at cases of Scrapie, and they found this where they did not find lesions or PRP in the area of the obex. They found it in the cerebellum and the cerebrum. It's a good lesson for us. Ames had to go back and change the procedure for looking at Scrapie samples. In the USDA, we had routinely looked at all the sections of the brain, and then we got away from it. They've recently gone back. Dr. Keller: Tissues are routinely tested, based on which tissue provides an 'official' test result as recognized by APHIS.

Dr. Detwiler: That's on the slaughter. But on the clinical cases, aren't they still asking for the brain? But even on the slaughter, they're looking only at the brainstem. We may be missing certain things if we confine ourselves to one area.

snip.............

Dr. Detwiler: It seems a good idea, but I'm not aware of it. Another important thing to get across to the public is that the negatives do not guarantee absence of infectivity. The animal could be early in the disease and the incubation period. Even sample collection is so important. If you're not collecting the right area of the brain in sheep, or if collecting lymphoreticular tissue, and you don't get a good biopsy, you could miss the area with the PRP in it and come up with a negative test. There's a new, unusual form of Scrapie that's been detected in Norway. We have to be careful that we don't get so set in the way we do things that we forget to look for different emerging variations of disease. We've gotten away from collecting the whole brain in our systems. We're using the brain stem and we're looking in only one area. In Norway, they were doing a project and looking at cases of Scrapie, and they found this where they did not find lesions or PRP in the area of the obex. They found it in the cerebellum and the cerebrum. It's a good lesson for us. Ames had to go back and change the procedure for looking at Scrapie samples. In the USDA, we had routinely looked at all the sections of the brain, and then we got away from it. They've recently gone back.

Dr. Keller: Tissues are routinely tested, based on which tissue provides an 'official' test result as recognized by APHIS .

Dr. Detwiler: That's on the slaughter. But on the clinical cases, aren't they still asking for the brain? But even on the slaughter, they're looking only at the brainstem. We may be missing certain things if we confine ourselves to one area.

snip...

FULL TEXT;

Completely Edited Version PRION ROUNDTABLE

Accomplished this day, Wednesday, December 11, 2003, Denver, Colorado

2005


=============================



CDC DR. PAUL BROWN TSE EXPERT COMMENTS 2006

The U.S. Department of Agriculture was quick to assure the public earlier this week that the third case of mad cow disease did not pose a risk to them, but what federal officials have not acknowledged is that this latest case indicates the deadly disease has been circulating in U.S. herds for at least a decade.

The second case, which was detected last year in a Texas cow and which USDA officials were reluctant to verify, was approximately 12 years old.

These two cases (the latest was detected in an Alabama cow) present a picture of the disease having been here for 10 years or so, since it is thought that cows usually contract the disease from contaminated feed they consume as calves. The concern is that humans can contract a fatal, incurable, brain-wasting illness from consuming beef products contaminated with the mad cow pathogen.

"The fact the Texas cow showed up fairly clearly implied the existence of other undetected cases," Dr. Paul Brown, former medical director of the National Institutes of Health's Laboratory for Central Nervous System Studies and an expert on mad cow-like diseases, told United Press International. "The question was, 'How many?' and we still can't answer that."

Brown, who is preparing a scientific paper based on the latest two mad cow cases to estimate the maximum number of infected cows that occurred in the United States, said he has "absolutely no confidence in USDA tests before one year ago" because of the agency's reluctance to retest the Texas cow that initially tested positive.

USDA officials finally retested the cow and confirmed it was infected seven months later, but only at the insistence of the agency's inspector general.

"Everything they did on the Texas cow makes everything USDA did before 2005 suspect," Brown said. ...snip...end

http://www.upi.com/ConsumerHealthDaily/view.php?StoryID=20060315-05...



CDC - Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy and Variant Creutzfeldt ... Dr. Paul Brown is Senior Research Scientist in the Laboratory of Central Nervous System ... Address for correspondence: Paul Brown, Building 36, Room 4A-05, ...

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol7no1/brown.htm



PAUL BROWN COMMENT TO ME ON THIS ISSUE (personal communication)

Tuesday, September 12, 2006 11:10 AM

"Actually, Terry, I have been critical of the USDA handling of the mad cow issue for some years, and with Linda Detwiler and others sent lengthy detailed critiques and recommendations to both the USDA and the Canadian Food Agency."



In this context, a word is in order about the US testing program. After the discovery of the first (imported) cow in 2003, the magnitude of testing was much increased, reaching a level of >400,000 tests in 2005 (Figure 4). Neither of the 2 more recently indigenously infected older animals with nonspecific clinical features would have been detected without such testing, and neither would have been identified as atypical without confirmatory Western blots. Despite these facts, surveillance has now been decimated to 40,000 annual tests (USDA news release no. 0255.06, July 20, 2006) and invites the accusation that the United States will never know the true status of its involvement with BSE.

In short, a great deal of further work will need to be done before the phenotypic features and prevalence of atypical BSE are understood. More than a single strain may have been present from the beginning of the epidemic, but this possibility has been overlooked by virtue of the absence of widespread Western blot confirmatory testing of positive screening test results; or these new phenotypes may be found, at least in part, to result from infections at an older age by a typical BSE agent, rather than neonatal infections with new "strains" of BSE. Neither alternative has yet been investigated.

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol12no12/06-0965.htm

http://madcowtesting.blogspot.com/2009/02/report-on-testing-ruminan...



LEE old buddy, please tell us how any BSE/TSE surveillance program can be validated, when the testing is so fraught with fraud $$$



Owner and Corporation Plead Guilty to Defrauding Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Surveillance Program

An Arizona meat processing company and its owner pled guilty in February 2007 to charges of theft of Government funds, mail fraud, and wire fraud. The owner and his company defrauded the BSE Surveillance Program when they falsified BSE Surveillance Data Collection Forms and then submitted payment requests to USDA for the services. In addition to the targeted sample population (those cattle that were more than 30 months old or had other risk factors for BSE), the owner submitted to USDA, or caused to be submitted, BSE obex (brain stem) samples from healthy USDA-inspected cattle. As a result, the owner fraudulently received approximately $390,000. Sentencing is scheduled for May 2007.

snip...

4 USDA OIG SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS FY 2007 1st Half

http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/sarc070619.pdf



4 USDA OIG SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS FY 2007 1st Half

http://www.usda.gov/oig/webdocs/sarc070619.pdf



-MORE Office of the United States Attorney District of Arizona FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For Information Contact Public Affairs February 16, 2007 WYN HORNBUCKLE Telephone: (602) 514-7625 Cell: (602) 525-2681

CORPORATION AND ITS PRESIDENT PLEAD GUILTY TO DEFRAUDING GOVERNMENT’S MAD COW DISEASE SURVEILLANCE PROGRAM

PHOENIX -- Farm Fresh Meats, Inc. and Roland Emerson Farabee, 55, of Maricopa, Arizona, pleaded guilty to stealing $390,000 in government funds, mail fraud and wire fraud, in federal district court in Phoenix. U.S. Attorney Daniel Knauss stated, “The integrity of the system that tests for mad cow disease relies upon the honest cooperation of enterprises like Farm Fresh Meats. Without that honest cooperation, consumers both in the U.S. and internationally are at risk. We want to thank the USDA’s Office of Inspector General for their continuing efforts to safeguard the public health and enforce the law.” Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee were charged by Information with theft of government funds, mail fraud and wire fraud. According to the Information, on June 7, 2004, Farabee, on behalf of Farm Fresh Meats, signed a contract with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (the “USDA Agreement”) to collect obex samples from cattle at high risk of mad cow disease (the “Targeted Cattle Population”). The Targeted Cattle Population consisted of the following cattle: cattle over thirty months of age; nonambulatory cattle; cattle exhibiting signs of central nervous system disorders; cattle exhibiting signs of mad cow disease; and dead cattle. Pursuant to the USDA Agreement, the USDA agreed to pay Farm Fresh Meats $150 per obex sample for collecting obex samples from cattle within the Targeted Cattle Population, and submitting the obex samples to a USDA laboratory for mad cow disease testing. Farm Fresh Meats further agreed to maintain in cold storage the sampled cattle carcasses and heads until the test results were received by Farm Fresh Meats.

Evidence uncovered during the government’s investigation established that Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee submitted samples from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population. Specifically, Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee submitted, or caused to be submitted, obex samples from healthy, USDA inspected cattle, in order to steal government moneys.

Evidence collected also demonstrated that Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee failed to maintain cattle carcasses and heads pending test results and falsified corporate books and records to conceal their malfeasance. Such actions, to the extent an obex sample tested positive (fortunately, none did), could have jeopardized the USDA’s ability to identify the diseased animal and pinpoint its place of origin. On Wednesday, February 14, 2007, Farm Fresh Meats and Farabee pleaded guilty to stealing government funds and using the mails and wires to effect the scheme. According to their guilty pleas:

(a) Farm Fresh Meats collected, and Farabee directed others to collect, obex samples from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population, which were not subject to payment by the USDA;

(b) Farm Fresh Meats 2 and Farabee caused to be submitted payment requests to the USDA knowing that the requests were based on obex samples that were not subject to payment under the USDA Agreement;

(c) Farm Fresh Meats completed and submitted, and Farabee directed others to complete and submit, BSE Surveillance Data Collection Forms to the USDA’s testing laboratory that were false and misleading;

(d) Farm Fresh Meats completed and submitted, and Farabee directed others to complete and submit, BSE Surveillance Submission Forms filed with the USDA that were false and misleading;

(e) Farm Fresh Meats falsified, and Farabee directed others to falsify, internal Farm Fresh Meats documents to conceal the fact that Farm Fresh Meats was seeking and obtaining payment from the USDA for obex samples obtained from cattle outside the Targeted Cattle Population; and

(f) Farm Fresh Meats failed to comply with, and Farabee directed others to fail to comply with, the USDA Agreement by discarding cattle carcasses and heads prior to receiving BSE test results. A conviction for theft of government funds carries a maximum penalty of 10 years imprisonment. Mail fraud and wire fraud convictions carry a maximum penalty of 20 years imprisonment. Convictions for the above referenced violations also carry a maximum fine of $250,000 for individuals and $500,000 for organizations. In determining an actual sentence, Judge Earl H. Carroll will consult the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines, which provide appropriate sentencing ranges. The judge, however, is not bound by those guidelines in determining a sentence.

Sentencing is set before Judge Earl H. Carroll on May 14, 2007. The investigation in this case was conducted by Assistant Special Agent in Charge Alejandro Quintero, United States Department of Agriculture, Office of Inspector General. The prosecution is being handled by Robert Long, Assistant U.S. Attorney, District of Arizona, Phoenix. CASE NUMBER: CR-07-00160-PHX-EHC RELEASE NUMBER: 2007-051(Farabee) # # #

http://www.usdoj.gov/usao/az/press_releases/2007/2007-051(Farabee).pdf




full text ;

http://madcowtesting.blogspot.com/2009/04/bse-mad-cow-testing-usa-2...



PLUS, as stated time and time again, why would Australia want to export from a Country that is still feeding cows to cows by the tonnage ???

10,000,000+ LBS. of PROHIBITED BANNED MAD COW FEED I.E. BLOOD LACED MBM IN COMMERCE USA 2007

Date: March 21, 2007 at 2:27 pm PST

RECALLS AND FIELD CORRECTIONS: VETERINARY MEDICINES -- CLASS II

___________________________________

PRODUCT

Bulk cattle feed made with recalled Darling's 85% Blood Meal, Flash Dried, Recall # V-024-2007

CODE

Cattle feed delivered between 01/12/2007 and 01/26/2007

RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER

Pfeiffer, Arno, Inc, Greenbush, WI. by conversation on February 5, 2007.

Firm initiated recall is ongoing.

REASON

Blood meal used to make cattle feed was recalled because it was cross- contaminated with prohibited bovine meat and bone meal that had been manufactured on common equipment and labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.

VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE

42,090 lbs.

DISTRIBUTION

WI

___________________________________

PRODUCT

Custom dairy premix products: MNM ALL PURPOSE Pellet, HILLSIDE/CDL Prot- Buffer Meal, LEE, M.-CLOSE UP PX Pellet, HIGH DESERT/ GHC LACT Meal, TATARKA, M CUST PROT Meal, SUNRIDGE/CDL PROTEIN Blend, LOURENZO, K PVM DAIRY Meal, DOUBLE B DAIRY/GHC LAC Mineral, WEST PIONT/GHC CLOSEUP Mineral, WEST POINT/GHC LACT Meal, JENKS, J/COMPASS PROTEIN Meal, COPPINI - 8# SPECIAL DAIRY Mix, GULICK, L-LACT Meal (Bulk), TRIPLE J - PROTEIN/LACTATION, ROCK CREEK/GHC MILK Mineral, BETTENCOURT/GHC S.SIDE MK-MN, BETTENCOURT #1/GHC MILK MINR, V&C DAIRY/GHC LACT Meal, VEENSTRA, F/GHC LACT Meal, SMUTNY, A- BYPASS ML W/SMARTA, Recall # V-025-2007

CODE

The firm does not utilize a code - only shipping documentation with commodity and weights identified.

RECALLING FIRM/MANUFACTURER

Rangen, Inc, Buhl, ID, by letters on February 13 and 14, 2007. Firm initiated recall is complete.

REASON

Products manufactured from bulk feed containing blood meal that was cross contaminated with prohibited meat and bone meal and the labeling did not bear cautionary BSE statement.

VOLUME OF PRODUCT IN COMMERCE

9,997,976 lbs.

DISTRIBUTION

ID and NV

END OF ENFORCEMENT REPORT FOR MARCH 21, 2007

http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2007/ENF00996.html

NEW URL

http://www.fda.gov/Safety/Recalls/EnforcementReports/2007/ucm120446...

Thursday, March 19, 2009

MILLIONS AND MILLIONS OF POUNDS OF MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE USA WITH ONGOING 12 YEARS OF DENIAL

http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2009/03/millions-and-millions-of-pou...

Tuesday, March 2, 2010

Animal Proteins Prohibited in Ruminant Feed/Adulterated/Misbranded Rangen Inc 2/11/10 USA

http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2010/03/animal-proteins-prohibited-i...

Monday, March 1, 2010

ANIMAL PROTEIN I.E. MAD COW FEED IN COMMERCE A REVIEW 2010

http://madcowfeed.blogspot.com/2010/03/animal-protien-ie-mad-cow-fe...

http://prionunitusaupdate2008.blogspot.com/2009/04/national-prion-d...

http://prionunitusaupdate2008.blogspot.com/

Wednesday, March 31, 2010

Atypical BSE in Cattle

http://bse-atypical.blogspot.com/2010/03/atypical-bse-in-cattle-position-post.html

Monday, March 29, 2010

CJD TEXAS 38 YEAR OLD FEMALE WORKED SLAUGHTERING CATTLE EXPOSED TO BRAIN AND SPINAL CORD MATTER

URGENT, PLEASE NOTE ;

>>> Up until about 6 years ago, the pt worked at Tyson foods where she worked on the assembly line, slaughtering cattle and preparing them for packaging. She was exposed to brain and spinal cord matter when she would euthanize the cattle. br />
http://cjdtexas.blogspot.com/2010/03/cjd-texas-38-year-old-female-w...



WHAT part of this don't you understand Lee McNicholl ???


Scientific Report of the European Food Safety Authority on the Assessment of the Geographical BSE Risk (GBR) of the USA

Question number: EFSA-Q-2003-083

Adopted: 1 July 2004 Summary (0.1Mb)

Report (0.2Mb)

Summary

The European Food Safety Authority and its Scientific Expert Working Group on the Assessment of the Geographical Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Risk (GBR) were asked by the European Commission (EC) to provide an up-to-date scientific report on the GBR in the United States of America, i.e. the likelihood of the presence of one or more cattle being infected with BSE, pre-clinically as well as clinically, in USA. This scientific report addresses the GBR of USA as assessed in 2004 based on data covering the period 1980-2003.

The BSE agent was probably imported into USA and could have reached domestic cattle in the middle of the eighties. These cattle imported in the mid eighties could have been rendered in the late eighties and therefore led to an internal challenge in the early nineties. It is possible that imported meat and bone meal (MBM) into the USA reached domestic cattle and leads to an internal challenge in the early nineties.

A processing risk developed in the late 80s/early 90s when cattle imports from BSE risk countries were slaughtered or died and were processed (partly) into feed, together with some imports of MBM. This risk continued to exist, and grew significantly in the mid 90’s when domestic cattle, infected by imported MBM, reached processing. Given the low stability of the system, the risk increased over the years with continued imports of cattle and MBM from BSE risk countries.

EFSA concludes that the current GBR level of USA is III, i.e. it is likely but not confirmed that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the BSE-agent. As long as there are no significant changes in rendering or feeding, the stability remains extremely/very unstable. Thus, the probability of cattle to be (pre-clinically or clinically) infected with the BSE-agent persistently increases.



http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/scdocs/doc/3r.pdf


ANNEX


5. CONCLUSION ON THE GEOGRAPHICAL BSE-RISK

5.1 The current GBR as function of the past stability and challenge

• The current geographical BSE risk (GBR) level is III, i.e. it is likely but not
confirmed that domestic cattle are (clinically or pre-clinically) infected with the
BSE-agent.

Note1: It is also worth noting that the current GBR conclusions are not dependent on
the large exchange of imports between USA and Canada. External challenge due to
exports to the USA from European countries varied from moderate to high. These
Annex to the EFSA Scientific Report (2004) 3, 1-17 on the Assessment of the
Geographical BSE Risk of USA

- 16 -

challenges indicate that it was likely that BSE infectivity was introduced into the
North American continent.

Note2: This assessment deviates from the previous assessment (SSC opinion, 2000)
because at that time several exporting countries were not considered a potential risk.

5.2 The expected development of the GBR as a function of the past
and present stability and challenge

• As long as there are no significant changes in rendering or feeding, the stability
remains extremely/very unstable. Thus, the probability of cattle to be (preclinically
or clinically) infected with the BSE-agent persistently increases.


http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/scdocs/doc/3rax1.pdf




TSS
Hello Lee, Hope you had an enjoyable Easter with your family in Tenterfield. I spend a couple of days in Tamworth over the long weekend attending a national horse show at the Equine Centre before driving the long 4 hr drive home with my grandaughter. She'll have an enjoyable holiday here at the farm before going back to Tamworth in time for the next school term.

Lee, we haven't gotten were we are today in business on any kind of theory based on 'conspiracy'. My thoughts on the matter come from gut instinct. You haven't stated anything so far that I hadn't already known.

You may answer me one thing though ...... Why wont USDA comply with their biggest exporter (Japan's) terms re: BSE testing of all cattle slaughtered 30 months for export to Japan? I am genuinely interested. With the billions of US dollars lost in exports to Japan over the years the answer to this tiny little question has alluded me.

Thank you. Kind Regards Lee.

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